Universal (Polish: Uniwersa, Ukrainian): is a historical term that means an official proclamation or a legislative act. During several historical periods, the Polish and Ukrainian authorities have published universals. The name comes from the Latin universal litterae, which means universal publication for all. The term was recently revived in modern Ukraine, where Universal Iron Unity, a multi-party political agreement signed on 3 August 2006, ended a parliamentary crisis. DWA confirms and confirms its acceptance of all endowments in DWS books and records on the effective date (but in particular excluding all allocations under the Universal Agreement that continue to fall under DWA`s audit rights) or distribution maintenance agreements that exist on the effective date. The kings and governmental authorities of the Kingdom of Poland and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth have been published universally. In the Commonwealth, a universal letter from the king could be read publicly to refer to important events or a legal act of the king concerning economic, military or religious affairs. Universals have also been routinely used to call the szlachta to gather for a Sejm, or to report for ruszenie pospolite (or common tax). Universals could also be issued by senior Commonwealth officials, such as Hetmans, who command the armed forces, or Voievodes, which oversee a voivody. One of the most important universals was the Uniwersaa Poaniecki, published in 1794 by Tadeusz Kosciuszko, who heralded the end of hilarity. DWA approves the CJ agreement, the Kadokawa agreement, the Universal Agreement and the distribution maintenance agreements listed in Schedule 1, including the duration and conditions of each of these distribution maintenance agreements. Local protection service providers will agree to participate in the Universal Emergency Disaster Shelter Agreement, as evidenced by the signature of the CEO or representative on the Universal Agreement Emergency Disaster Shelter. Regardless of the above or something else in this Agreement, unless expressly stated, modify, amend or terminate the DW distribution agreement, the universal agreement or the additional theme park agreements, which remain fully in force and apply in accordance with their respective terms, such as those between DW Studios Universal and DWA (if any).
During the parliamentary crisis in Ukraine in 2006, the term was revived at the initiative of Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko. After difficult and sometimes tense negotiations between the President and several political forces representing parliamentary groups, all parties finally agreed on a power-sharing compromise, which resulted in an expanded government coalition, and agreed to sign a compromise document entitled “Universal of National Unity”. Universal Agreement, dated January 17, 1983, between SVT, LLC and NCR Corporation. Between the 16th and 18th centuries, the universals were issued by the Cossack leadership, like Hetmans, other members of Starshyna (Cossackadel) and Polkovnyks. In the history of Ukraine, Universals has been used as the name for the law promulgated by the authorities. The main objective of the universal observatory was to inform the population of the important decisions taken by the authorities. As a result, Universal is sometimes used interchangeably with declaration. In 1917-1918, four universals were published by the Central Council of Ukraine, the main organ of the ephemeral People`s Republic of Ukraine.
These documents marked the main stages of the development of the nascent Ukrainian state, from the proclamation of its autonomy to the declaration of full independence.